Sun Protection: Make the Most of the Sun in a Safe Way

The warmth of the sun can be tempting, but it is essential to enjoy it responsibly.

Sun protection, proper skin care and early detection of skin cancer are essential.

Dana Farber Cancer Institute aims to promote awareness of the importance of sun protection, educate about effective skin care practices and emphasize the importance of regular screenings for early detection of skin cancer.

By taking proactive steps and adopting preventive measures, we can all enjoy the sun’s rays while keeping our skin safe.

Sun Protection: Understanding Sun Safety

The sun emits harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays that can damage our skin.

Overexposure to these rays is a major cause of skin cancer, including melanoma, the most dangerous form.

Sun safety involves taking precautions to minimize sunburn, premature aging and the risk of developing skin cancer.

Key Sun Protection Practices Include:

  • Limiting sun exposure during peak hours (10 am to 4 pm).
  • Wear protective clothing, including wide-brimmed hats, sunglasses, and lightweight long-sleeved clothing.
  • Apply broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher generously and frequently to exposed skin.
  • Seek shade when the sun’s rays are intense.
  • Avoiding artificial tanning beds, which emit harmful ultraviolet radiation.

Warning Signs

It is important to periodically monitor your skin for changes that may indicate a possible skin lesion or skin cancer.

While only a medical professional can provide a definitive diagnosis, here are some signs to watch for:

  • Unusual moles: keep an eye out for moles or freckles that change in size, shape or color. Look for asymmetrical moles, irregular borders or color variations within a single mole.
  • New growth or spot: watch for any new growths, spots or patches on your skin that look different from the surrounding skin. These may be raised, scaly or crusted.
  • Changes in existing moles: watch for any changes in existing moles, such as itching, bleeding, or changes in size, shape or color.
  • Non-healing sores: monitor any sores or wounds that do not heal within a few weeks. They may continue to bleed, crust over or remain open.
  • Redness or swelling: note any persistent redness or swelling around a particular area of your skin.
  • Itching or pain: note any persistent itching, pain or tenderness in a specific spot on the skin.
  • Spots that look like scars: look for spots that look like scars but are not the result of any injury or trauma.
  • Textural changes: Note any changes in the texture of your skin, such as roughness, scaling or the appearance of an ulcer.

Remember that these signs do not necessarily indicate skin cancer, but should alert you to seek medical evaluation.

If you notice any concerning changes in your skin, it is crucial to consult a dermatologist or healthcare professional for proper evaluation and diagnosis.

Regular self-examinations and annual screening exams can help in the early detection and treatment of possible skin cancer.

Sun protection

The Importance of Skin Cancer Screening Exams

Regular skin cancer screenings are vital for early detection and treatment:

Early detection:

Skin cancer, when detected early, is highly treatable.

Regular examinations allow dermatologists to identify suspicious moles, growths or lesions that may indicate skin cancer.

Timely diagnosis and treatment increase the chances of successful outcomes.

Risk assessment:

A professional evaluation helps assess your individual risk factors for skin cancer.

Dermatologists can evaluate your skin type, family history and previous sun exposure to determine personalized recommendations and precautions.


Skin cancer screenings provide the opportunity for educational discussions with dermatologists.

They can provide guidance on sun protection measures, self-examination techniques and lifestyle modifications to reduce the risk of skin cancer.

Peace of mind:

Knowing that you have had a comprehensive skin exam gives you peace of mind and allows you to take control of your skin health.

Early detection provides peace of mind and reduces anxiety about potential skin cancer problems.

Prevention strategies:

Dermatologists can provide personalized advice on sun protection, including proper use of sunscreen, choice of clothing and avoiding tanning beds.

They can also discuss lifestyle changes that promote overall skin health and reduce the risk of skin cancer.

It is paramount to take advantage of the sun safely by taking proactive steps to protect your skin.

By following sun protection practices, such as using sunscreen, wearing protective clothing and seeking shade during peak hours, you can minimize your risk.

Remember, the key to a healthy, sun-protected lifestyle lies in education, prevention and early detection.

Our sources: Dana Farber.

The information contained on the My Health Fair website should not be construed as professional advice or medical recommendations.

Readers should direct any questions regarding their personal health care to licensed physicians or other appropriate health care professionals.